There is need of a piercing watchful eye to discern the danger we are in from such people for commonly the pretences are plausible, when the projects are very pernicious. The sixteenth chapter of Romans was treated as a detachable unit at least as early as the second century, showing that some considered it to be a tagalong compared with the rest of Paul’s letter to the Romans.1 The oldest surviving manuscript of Romans, Chester Beatty Papyrus II, also known as Π46, dating from the early third century, places the benediction of 16:25-27 between 15:33 and chapter 16. A Re-examination of Rom 16.7,”, I. Howard Marshall, “Romans 16:25-27—An Apt Conclusion,” in. His wisdom (Romans 16:27): To God only wise. In malice be you children, 1 Corinthians 14:20. 1. The Jewish ethnicity of some of the people in Paul’s audience is explicitly marked by his use of the term suggenēs, a word that I’ve translated ‘relative’ in Figure 2. The obedience of faith is that obedience which is paid to the word of faith (see that phrase, Acts 6:7), and which is produced by the grace of faith. It was a good while ago that they had done Paul this kindness and yet he speaks as feelingly of it as if it had been but yesterday. 20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. True religion, rightly received, never made any man uncivil. Scripture: Romans 16:25–27. Some take them for a man and his wife, and the original will well enough bear it and, considering the name of the latter, this is more probable than that they should be two men, as others think, and brethren. In this version, the final two chapters, which were tied to the circumstances in Paul’s life and the specific addressees of the letter, as well as the destination phrases (“in Rome”) in 1:7, 15, were omitted in order to make the letter more relevant for the church at large. He told his audiences to accept her and offer her any help which she may ask for because she had been very helpful to a great many people, including him. Here is the recommendation of a friend, by whom (as some think) this epistle was sent--one Phebe, Romans 16:1,2. Whether she had business of trade, or law-business at the court, is not material however being a woman, a stranger, a Christian, she had need of help: and Paul engaged them to be assistant to her. The *Holy Spirit … Ibid., 170. Because of the peril we are in, through our proneness and aptness to be inveigled and ensnared by them: "For your obedience has come abroad unto all men--you are noted in all the churches for a willing, tractable, complying people." It has been the common policy of seducers to set upon those who are softened by convictions, and begin to enquire what they shall do, because such do most easily receive the impressions of their opinions. 26:13; Mark 14:9). 3:8,12. It is now made manifest. We are, however, not surprised that they were able to—salute one another with a holy kiss.31. 10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. The everlasting God. 1. Now. Concerning the rest this is observable, that he salutes the brethren who are with them (Romans 16:14), and the saints who are with them (Romans 16:15), with them in family-relations, with them in the bond of Christian communion. Amen. Endearing language should pass among Christians to express love, and to engage love. Those who burden the church with dividing and offending impositions, who uphold and enforce those impositions, who introduce and propagate dividing and offending notions, which are erroneous or justly suspected, who out of pride, ambition, affectation of novelty, or the like, causelessly separate from their brethren, and by perverse disputes, censures, and evil surmisings, alienate the affections of Christians one from another--these cause divisions and offences, contrary to, or different from (for that also is implied, it is para ten didachen), the doctrine which we have learned. 23 Stedman, 39 Sermons on Romans, v. 15:33. 4 They risked their lives for me. Though the care of all the churches came upon Paul daily, enough to distract an ordinary head, yet he could retain the remembrance of so many and his heart was so full of love and affection as to send salutations to each of them with particular characters of them, and expressions of love to them and concern for them. If the descriptions are limited to people presently performing ministry, Rufus’ mother and the men Andronicus and Urbanus would have to be deleted from this tally, making the proportion six women to three men. The matter of this praise. 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. (4.) Week 16 - chapter 16. 4. How many are there who call Christ Master and Lord, that are far from serving him! 1. Figure 1, “Translations diakonon and prostatis in Romans 16:1-2,” provides a survey of how these words have been translated. The victory shall be speedy: He shall do it shortly. Erastus, the chamberlain of the city is another he means the city of Corinth, whence this epistle was dated. Now observe his description of them, in two things:-- (1.) Paul calls it his gospel, because he was the preacher of it and because he did so much glory in it. IV. He's sending this letter ahead of him as a way of introducing himself… and of sharing lots (and we mean lots) of theological goodies. 1:1 and 1 Tim. Paul was in a great deal of danger at Corinth, while he sojourned with them but they sheltered him, though they thereby made themselves obnoxious to the enraged multitudes, Acts 18:12,17. It is also used in verse 21 when Paul sends greetings from his ministry team. When Abraham removed his tent, he renewed his altar, Genesis 13:18. (2.) The oldest surviving manuscript of Romans, Chester Beatty Papyrus II, also known as Π, , dating from the early third century, places the benediction of 16:25-27 between 15:33 and chapter 16. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him But they serve their own belly--their carnal, sensual, secular interests. Epp, “Text-Critical, Exegetical, and Socio-Cultural Factors,” 265. The ship that is known to be richly laden is most exposed to privateers. 22 I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord. Amen. Romans Chapter 16. Perhaps Epenetus was one of that household or, at least, he was one of the first three not the first alone, but one of the first fleece of Christians, that the region of Achaia afforded. Help CBE spread the message that #Godvalueswomen. Because of the pernicious policy of these seducers, Romans 16:18. Jason and Sōsipatros seem to be identified as Jews here. A danger discovered is half prevented. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. (3.) "No," says he, "fear not though you cannot overcome in your own strength and wisdom, yet the God of peace will do it for you and through him that loved us we shall be more than conquerors." 3:1-2; 9:1-3; 11:1, 28; 16:7, 11, 21). The word σκοπειν, rendered to mark, signifies, to observe attentively and diligently, as those do who are placed on a watch-tower to observe the motions of their enemies. The composition of this letter was no doubt a challenging task, and may account for this greeting, the clearest record of a Pauline secretary in the New Testament. Salutations added from some who were with Paul, Romans 16:21-24. Believers named in Paul’s letter to the Roman house churches,” distills information available from Romans 16:3-15 and Lampe’s careful examination of the names listed there through the lens of Latin inscriptions in Rome.10, Seven women and five men are complimented for the ministry they have performed or are performing. "Let them know that I remember them, and love them, and wish them well." So pleased was Christ with his undertaking for our salvation that he would himself be the publisher of it. Illustrations of this need in baptism, in visiting the women’s part of a house, in introducing women to the deacon or bishop, may be found in the Apostolical Constitutions.7 In the volume that replaced this commentary for the International Critical Commentary series, Cranfield proves to be more open to Phoebe’s status as holder of a definite office: It is very much more natural…to understand it as referring to a definite office. These apostles are Andronicus and Junia, a man and a woman, whom Paul describes as “outstanding among the apostles.”. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. To him bear all the prophets witness. Our words ‘deacon’ and ‘deaconess’ are derived from it.” It is the good property of saints to delight in being together and Paul thus joins them together in his salutations to endear them one to another. The least piece of service done to the church, and the ministers of the church, shall not pass without a remembrance and a recompence. For example, see Origen, Commentary on Romans, 10.17. THE CONTEXT Paul begins his letter to the Romans with a salutation (1:1-7) and a prayer of thanksgiving (1:8-15). (2.) As a succourer of many, and particularly of Paul, Romans 16:2. Romans 16:1. Let this quicken us to our spiritual conflict, to fight the good fight of faith--we have to do with a conquered enemy, and the victory will be perfect shortly. That power of God which is put forth for the establishment of the saints is and ought to be the matter of our praise, as Jude 1:24, To him that is able to keep you from falling. 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