See also Schoettgen. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. In this sentiment the most eminent scholars and critics are now agreed. And find grace - Mercy refers to the pardon of sin, and being brought into the favor of God. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." The word of God penetrates deeper into a man than any sword; it enters into the soul and spirit, into all our sensations, passions, appetites, nay, to our very thoughts; and sits as judge of the most secret intentions, contrivances, and sentiments of the heart. Though he be the Son of God, as to his human nature, and equal in his Divine nature with God; yet, having partaken of human nature, and having submitted to all its trials and distresses, and being in all points tempted like as we are, without feeling or consenting to sin; he is able to succor them that are tempted. All the expressions in this view will receive an additional force, for nothing is more quick and living, more powerful and irresistible, sharp and piercing, than lightning. With whom we have to do - Προς ὁν ἡμιν ὁ λογος· To whom we must give an account. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest - God, from whom this word comes, and by whom it has all its efficacy, is infinitely wise. Lest any man fall - Lest he fall off from the grace of God, from the Gospel and its blessings, and perish everlastingly. The Bible isn’t a collection of merely old stories and myths. Those who restrain the word rest to the signification of eternal glory, say, that ceasing from our own works relates to the sufferings, tribulations, afflictions, etc., of this life; as in Revelation 14:13. We have peace of conscience, and joy in the Holy Ghost; are saved from the guilt and power of sin; and thus enjoy an inward rest. Adapted from The Majestic Son: Reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam (AIO: Sydney, 1992). He limiteth a certain day - The term day signifies not only time in general, but also present time, and a particular space. Here the apostle shows the great superiority of the privileges of the new testament above those of the old; for there the high priest only, and he with fear and trembling, was permitted to approach; and that not without the blood of the victim; and if in any thing he transgressed, he might expect to be struck with death. How often has it happened that a man has seen the whole of his own character, and some of the most private transactions of his life, held up as it were to public view by the preacher; and yet the parties absolutely unknown to each other! The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,. This rest is a finished work God has completed (4-5) IV. There is no break in the argument in Psalm 95 that the author began in chapter three. The word of God is compared to a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces, Jeremiah 23:29; but will a hammer break a stone unless it is applied by the skill and strength of some powerful agent? That thus coming, feeling, and calling, we may have the utmost confidence; for we have boldness, liberty of access, freedom of speech; may plead with our Maker without fear; and expect all that heaven has to bestow; because Jesus, who died, sitteth upon the throne! So Isaiah says: The word of our God shall stand for ever; Isaiah 40:8. This brings us into the rest that Hebrews 4 is talking about. 2 For since a the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and b every transgression or disobedience received a just c retribution, 3 d how shall we escape if we e neglect such a great salvation? Because St. Paul does not use that term to express the Son of God. Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Hebrews chapter six. To help in time of need - Εις ευκαιρον βοηθειαν· For a seasonable support; that is, support when necessary, and as necessary, and in due proportion to the necessity. For unto us was the Gospel preached - Και γαρ εσμεν ευηγγελισμενοι· For we also have received good tidings as well as they. This is implied in its two edges. That he is greater than Aaron, and all high priests. But they were dastardly through all their generations. See Hammond, Whitby, Sykes, and Pierce. It was a pretty sweet deal, but things weren't working out so well. The notion of ‘rest’ is first mentioned in Hebrews 3:11, which is part of a quotation from Psalm 95:7–11, regarding the unbelief of the Israelites after they fled Egypt ().God punished them by not allowing any adult over 20 (apart from Caleb and Joshua) to enter His ‘rest’ (Numbers 14:28–35), which was the Land of Canaan, the Promised Land. What a pity it had not been in the text, as all the smaller Bibles have no marginal readings, and many simple people are bewildered with the expression. Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. (4) Marriage is honourable in all. Adapted from The Majestic Son: Reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam (AIO: Sydney, 1992). We translate the words, With whom we have to do; of which, though the phraseology is obsolete, yet the meaning is nearly the same. 1. Finally, he punishes in the most exemplary manner the insults offered to his Father and himself by infidels, unbelievers, and the wicked in general. The centurion seems to speak a similar language, Luke 7:7; : But say in a word, (αλλα ειπε λογῳ, speak to thy word), and my servant shall be healed." But the word preached did not profit them - Αλλ ουκ ωφελησεν ὁ λογος της ακοης εκεινους· But the word of hearing did not profit them. 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. There are two words in this chapter which we indifferently translate rest, καταπαυσις and σαββατισμος· he first signifying a cessation from labor, so that the weary body is rested and refreshed; the second meaning, not only a rest from labor, but a religious rest; sabbatismus, a rest of a sacred kind, of which both soul and body partake. God speaks now as he spoke before; his voice is in the Gospel as it was in the law. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] A promise of rest remains (1) II. Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest for the people of God through faith in Christ. How many have felt this property of God's word where it has been faithfully preached! It has been supposed that the phraseology here is sacrificial, the apostle referring to the case, of slaying and preparing a victim to be offered to God. HEB 4:1 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Hebrews 4:12–13 serves as the conclusion for 4:1-11 as well as for the entire first section of the letter: 1:5-4:13. Without these there can be no religion; return therefore to us, who have the perfect temple service appointed - by God." Key to our ability to complete our work is the Word of God, specifically the written Scriptures (Hebrews 4:12). There is an allusion here to the high priest going into the holy of holies on the great day of atonement. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] See also Isaiah 40:4; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:16. The events of the exodus generation are now applied to the readers’ present situation. Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land; for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth; Judges 18:9, Judges 18:10. They spoke evil of the pleasant land, and did not give credence to his word. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Basically, God created the world and then made an agreement with the people living in it: if they put their faith in him, he would be their God. But perhaps the meaning of the latter clause may rather be: 'It can divide the joints and divide the marrow; i.e. It is very likely that the words, here, are spoken to meet an objection of those Jews who wished the Christians of Palestine to apostatize: "You have no tabernacle - no temple - no high priest - no sacrifice for sin. Hebrews 4 (King James Version) 1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. It remaineth that some must enter therein - Why our translators put in the word must here I cannot even conjecture. The disputed text, 1 John 5:7, I leave at present out of the question. But all things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα και τετραχηλισμενα . To whom a worde to us, is the rendering of my old MS. and Wiclif. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] Three things the apostle professes to prove in this epistle: -. The apostle shows that, although Joshua did bring the children of Israel into the promised land, yet this could not be the intended rest, because long after this time the Holy Spirit, by David, speaks of this rest; the apostle, therefore, concludes. Hebrews 6:1-3 “Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on ... Hebrews 6:4 … We must believe if we want to enter (2-3) III. Hebrews Chapter 4: Entering God’s Rest. The prophecies and promises of the OT are fulfilled in the \"new covenant\" (or \"new testament\"), of which Christ is the mediator. : the word of our God shall stand for ever ; Isaiah 55:11 ; 1 Esdras 4:38 John. 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